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Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment

The conceptual intrigue has become still more fascinating since a series of independent calculations demonstrated that the acceleration period was not limited by human history and prehistory but embraced 4. This is one of the epoch-making and surprising discoveries in the early 21st century. Continents have been drifting on Earth over billions of years, climate changing repeatedly, meteorites falling down and volcanoes blowing up—yet, the phase transitions forestalled by global catastrophes happened successively, as if they were timetabled.

Even after humans with their free will and interminable recklessness appeared, the logarithmic succession of global now anthropogenic catastrophes and revolutions did not change.

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Still more unexpected was an extrapolation of the A. Nazaretyan curve into the future: the singularity is not a matter of distant and abstract perspective but is expected around the middle of the current century. This mathematical image is known as Snooks—Panov vertical in the Russian scientific tradition, since the Australian economist and historian Graeme Snooks and the Russian theoretical physicist Alexander Panov independently in and published the logarithmic acceleration equation and its resulting effect Panov used different sources and more developed mathematics.

The book by Kurzweil [1] is better known in the American tradition.

What kind of objective reality might be hidden beyond the mysterious mathematical result? To what degree are the forecasts proceeding from the logarithmic curve extrapolation reliable? The international collection Singularity Hypotheses published by Springer presents diverse and often diametrical judgments on the Singularity hypothesis and its corollaries. It also includes critical objections. Critical remarks versus a universal importance of the calculated singularity boil down to its trivialization.

Singularity Hypotheses

As for a radical change of the megatrend, we must first note that the expected singularity does not theoretically exclude substitution of the exponential curve by a logistic one. True, this optimistic scenario suggests which has also been noted by the classical philosophers that the idyllic condition cannot last forever. Further, the 21st century singularity radically differs from the intermediate precedents since it exhausts the exponential line, which embraces billions of years of planetary evolution.

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This fact was stressed by Kurzweil in his discussion with Modis: intently researching the turning episodes of global history, we can see that the integral exponential line is composed of a cascade of S-curves. To illustrate the notion, I bring just two typical examples that belong to epochs extremely distant from one another. Near the end of the Lower Proterozoic more than 1. So, what might the polyfurcation graph in the 21st century look like? After all, a synergetic view assumes three attractors: 1. The crash of planetary evolution.

Be the first to write a review. About this product Product Information Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment offers authoritative, jargon-free essays and critical commentaries on accelerating techlogical progress and the tion of techlogical singularity.

Singularity Hypotheses by Amnon H. Eden, Johnny H. Soraker | Waterstones

It focuses on conjectures about the intelligence explosion, transhumanism, and whole brain emulation. Recent years have seen a plethora of forecasts about the profound, disruptive impact that is likely to result from further progress in these areas. Many commentators however doubt the scientific rigor of these forecasts, rejecting them as speculative and unfounded. We therefore invited prominent computer scientists, physicists, philosophers, biologists, ecomists and other thinkers to assess the singularity hypotheses.

Their contributions go beyond speculation, providing deep insights into the main issues and a balanced picture of the debate. Additional Product Features Place of Publication.

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